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HomeMy WebLinkAboutPolicy 203 - Emergency Vehicle Operations OSHKOSH POLICE DEPARTMENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES TITLE: EMERGENCY VEHICLE POLICY SERIES: 203 OPERATION Effective Date: March 15, 2021 Date Issued: March 15, 2021 Chief of Police: Dean Smith Date Signed: March 1, 2021 Ș2¯­´§º»¸«Ɏµ´Ɏ¬¯²«ș Statutory References: §145.40, §346.175, §346.03, CALEA Standard: 41.2.1; 41.2.2; 41.2.3; 41.3.1; 41.3.2; 61.1.6; 61.3.3; 61.3.4; 71.4.1 Final Review Completed: February 11, 2021 Review By: Command Staff / PSD Lieutenant Rescinds Policy Dated: November 17, 2020 203.01 Policy 203.02 Purpose 203.03 Definitions 203.04 Vehicle Equipment 203.05 Vehicle Inspection 203.06 Emergency Vehicle Operation Intervention Options 203.07 Vehicle Pursuit 203.08 Termination of Pursuit 203.09 Unmarked Police Vehicles 203.10 Departmental Trucks and Vans 203.11 Undercover Vehicles 1 203.12 Officer Responsibilities 203.13 Dispatch Responsibilities 203.14 Supervisor Responsibilities 203.15 Pursuit Assistance 203.16 Jurisdiction When in Fresh Pursuit 203.17 Multi-Jurisdictional Pursuits 203.18 Road Blocks 203.19 Tire Deflation Devices 203.20 Ramming 203.21 203.22 Response to Calls 203.23 Emergency Escorts 203.24 Review of Pursuits 203.25 Policy Review 203.26 Training 203.01 POLICY A. Members of the Oshkosh Police Department shall operate police vehicles with due Ɏ regard for the safety of all persons, and in conformity with all applicable traffic laws. The drivers of emergency vehicles will be held to a standard of due regard during the operation of a police vehicle under any circumstances. B. When an officer feels that the need to operate a police vehicle in violation of the traffic laws is outweighed by the risk involved, his/her decision shall be in favor of safety. The decision by the pursuing officer to discontinue a pursuit does not suggest a lack of courage, but rather is recognized as a concern for life and property. All police vehicles will be operated within the requirements set forth under Wis. Statute 346.03 (Applicability of rules of the road to authorized emergency vehicles) 1. Wisconsin Statute 346.03(2) allows operators of emergency vehicles to: a. Stop, stand or park, irrespective of the provisions of Chapter 346. b. Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign, but only after slowing down as may be necessary for safe operation. 2 c. Exceed the speed limit d. Disregard regulations governing direction of movement or turning in specified directions. 2. For Section (B) (1) (a), the operator of the emergency vehicle must have at least one blue and red flashing, oscillating or rotating light in operation. Sections (B) (1) (b-d) apply only when the operator of the emergency vehicle is giving both a visual signal and also an audible warning by means of a siren. 3. An Oshkosh Police Officer operating a police vehicle shall otherwise comply with the requirements of Section (B) (1) above relative to the giving of audible and visual signals, but may exceed the speed limit without giving audible and visual signal under the following circumstances: a. Obtaining evidence of a speeding violation, b. While responding to an officer's reasonable belief of a felony in progress and the officer reasonably believes any of the following: 1. of a victim or other person. 2. violator to evade apprehension. 3. violator to destroy evidence of a suspected felony or may otherwise result in the loss of evidence of a suspected felony. 4. violator to cease the commission of a suspected felony before the officer obtains sufficient evidence to establish grounds for arrest. 3 ŸȌ These exemptions do not relieve an operator from the duty to drive with due regard under the circumstances for the safety of all persons, nor do they protect the officer from consequences of his or her reckless disregard for the safety of others.Ɏ 203.02 PURPOSE This policy establishes guidelines directing the operation of vehicles in the provision of police services. 203.03 DEFINITIONS A. Authorized Emergency Vehicle - A vehicle that meets the statutory requirements; at a minimum is equipped with one or more oscillating, flashing, or rotary red/blue lights and a siren. B. Boxing In - A technique in which a sufficient number of squads move in one direction and surround a pursued vehicle. The squads gradually slow, bringing the suspect vehicle to a safe and gradual stop. C. Channeling is a technique that is used to divert a driver to a preferred location, but not used to induce a fleeing driver to stop. D. Due Regard The degree of care that a reasonably careful person, performing similar duties, and acting under similar circumstances would show. E. Emergency Escort - The driving of a police vehicle with red/blue lights and siren operating for the purpose of clearing the way for a following non-emergency vehicle. F. Pursuit - An active attempt by a law enforcement officer, on-duty in an authorized law enforcement vehicle to apprehend one or more occupants of a moving motor vehicle, providing the driver of such vehicle is aware of the attempt and is resisting apprehension by maintaining or increasing his or her speed or by ignoring the law enforcement officer's attempt to stop him or her. G. Road Block with Escape (Open) Placing vehicles and/or tire deflation devices 4 on the roadway to impede or alter the normal flow of traffic. The roadway is either not completely blocked or an alternate escape or run-out lane is provided. The intention is to provide a show of force to convince the suspect that escape is impossible and induce him or her to give up. H. Road Block with no Escape (Closed) - Placing vehicles in the path of an approaching vehicle, such that the driver must slow down and/or stop to avoid collision. The roadway is completely blocked, and no alternate route is provided. I. True Emergency A situation in which there is a high probability of death or serious injury or significant property loss, and action by an emergency vehicle operator may reduce the seriousness of the situation. 203.04 VEHICLE EQUIPMENT A. In addition to normal automotive operational and safety equipment, each vehicle used in general Patrol service shall be equipped with functioning: 1. Emergency Lights 19. Flex Cuff Cutter 2. Radio 20. BBP Kit 3. MDC 21. Life Jacket 4. Safety Barrier 22. Life Preserver and Rope 5. Siren 23. Broom 6. P.A. 24. Dust Pan 7. Printer 25. Crowbar/Hooligan 8. PBT 26. Teddy Bear 9. Camera 27. Disposable Blanket 10. Traffic Vest 28. Fire Extinguisher 11. Hazmat Book 29. Kevlar Helmet 12. Hand Warmers 30. Tactical Box 13. Binoculars 31. Roll-a-Tape 14. Tuning Fork 32. Traffic Cones 15. Insurance Card 33. Window/Seatbelt Tool 16. Hobble 34. 17. Spit Hood 35. Snowbrush/Scraper 18. Radar 36. Red/Blue Trunk Lights 5 203.05 VEHICLE INSPECTION A. Oshkosh Police officers shall test the emergency red/blue lights and siren and inspect the contents and equipment of their assigned vehicle when beginning duty. In addition to the emergency equipment, inspections shall include: 1. Fuel levels 2. Tires and Wheels 3. Condition of other equipment 203.06 INTERVENTION OPTIONS AS APPLIED TO EMERGENCY MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATION MODE TACTIC(S) PURPOSE Presence Authorized Emergency Vehicle To present a visible display of authority Dialog Emergency lights To persuade Siren Communication with Dispatch Approach Contact Control Multiple Units To overcome passive resistance, Alternative Tire Deflation active resistance, or their threats. Barricades Channeling Non-Approach Contact Protective Moving Roadblock (Boxing-In) To overcome continued resistance, Alternative Roadblocks (with escape route) assaultive behavior, or their High-risk Contact threats. Deadly Force Ramming To stop an imminent threat of Roadblocks (no escape routes) death. Shooting from a moving vehicle High-risk contact with shots fired Ɏ 6 203.07 VEHICLE PURSUIT A. The decision to initiate and continue a pursuit must be based on the pursuing officer's conclusion that the immediate or potential danger to the public posed by the pursuit is less than the immediate or potential danger to the public should the suspect remain at large. 1. An Oshkosh Police Officer operating as an authorized emergency vehicle may initiate and continue a vehicular pursuit when the suspect exhibits the intention to avoid arrest by using a vehicle to flee apprehension for what the officer reasonably believes to be: a. Conduct that presents an imminent and continuing threat of death or great bodily harm to self or others, or b. A serious Person-on-Person Felony (such as an Armed Robbery) is being committed, has been committed a short time earlier, or is about to be committed. 2. -.3$ȎɎɎ The mere fact that a driver is suspected of operating a MV while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, has committed a property crime, or has committed a traffic violation does not justify the initiation of a vehicle pursuit. Ɏ C. Pursuits shall Ɏ not be initiated when there is a citizen occupant of the police vehicle. D. The pursuing officer must also consider the following factors in determining whether to initiate and/or continue pursuits: 1. The ability to identify the pursued person and vehicle. If identification has been made, the pursuit should be discontinued unless the risks of danger to the public by the suspect outweigh the risks of continuing the pursuit. 2. Knowledge of the pursued possible destination and the direction of movement. 7 3. The ability of other officers to pursue and apprehend the person. 4. Knowledge of the previous activities and habits of the pursued persons. 5. Traffic and pedestrian conditions. 6. Weather and road conditions. 7. Time of day. 8. Condition of the vehicle and equipment ȌɎ E. After making the determination to engage in a pursuit, the officer must have an indication that the pursued person is aware of the officer's presence and is attempting to flee to avoid arrest. It must be noted that the siren effectiveness is reduced as vehicle speed increases. 203.08 TERMINATION OF PURSUIT Ɏ A. Oshkosh Police Officers shall terminate a police pursuit under any of the following conditions: Ɏ 1. When a supervisor orders termination. 2. When the continuing distance between the pursuing and fleeing vehicles is such that further pursuit is futile. 3. When the location of the pursued vehicle is unknown. 4. squad sustains damage. 5. When it is necessary to stop to render aid to one or more injured persons and no other unit is available to do so. 6. When the officer believes the risks of the pursuit outweigh the value of continuing. 8 7. When sufficient information has been obtained to reliably identify the Wisconsin §346.175 presumes the owner of the vehicle liable if their vehicle is involved in a violation of Wis. §346.04(3) for fleeing a traffic officer. Policy 208, Traffic Enforcement, dictates the guidelines for serving the citation.Ɏ B. If a pursuit is terminated, the officer shall: 1. Immediately notify dispatch and a supervisor that the pursuit has been terminated and give your exact location. 2. Reduce your speed to the posted speed limit. 3. Turn off your emergency lights and siren. 4. Pull over and stop for a brief time (to make it clear to others that you are no longer pursuing the suspect). 5. for accidents, other problems created by the fleeing suspect or to locate the suspect.ɎɎ 203.09 UNMARKED POLICE VEHICLES A. Unmarked vehicles shall not be used for vehicle stops unless the vehicle is equipped with at least one rotating, flashing or oscillating red/blue light, and Ɏ a siren. Officers contacting vehicle occupants in any vehicle stop must have a department issued cloth or metal badge and Dept. ID in plain view on their person and immediately identify themselves as an officer of the Oshkosh Police Department. Ɏ Ɏ B. Unmarked vehicles shall not be used in pursuits unless the officer has reason to believe the person being pursued has used or threatened to use deadly force. Also, the unmarked vehicle being operated is giving a visual signal of a least one rotating, flashing, or oscillating red/blue light and operating a siren in conformity with the Emergency Vehicle Statute. As soon as possible, the unmarked police vehicle will be replaced by a marked authorized emergency 9 vehicle and is removed from the pursuit incident. Operators of unmarked police vehicles must be aware of their legal limitations in being recognized as an authorized emergency vehicle.Ɏ 203.10 DEPARTMENTAL TRUCKS AND VANS A. Departmental pickup trucks, vans, and CSO vehicles shall not be used in pursuit driving under any circumstances. 203.11 UNDERCOVER VEHICLES A. The Oshkosh Police Department utilizes vehicles for use in undercover operations. Those vehicles do not contain police markings, emergency lights or a siren. B. Officers working in an undercover capacity are authorized to use undercover vehicles. Other officers wishing to use an undercover vehicle shall have supervisor approval before use. C. Undercover vehicles shall not be used in pursuit driving under any circumstances. D. Undercover vehicles shall not be the primary vehicle involved in a traffic stop. A marked or unmarked vehicle shall be the primary vehicle used. 203.12 OFFICER RESPONSIBILITIES A. When engaged in a pursuit, officers shall: 1. Ensure that the squad siren, red/blue rotating or flashing lights and headlights are in operation. 2. Notify a supervisor and the dispatcher of the initiation of pursuit as soon as possible. 3. Give the reason for the pursuit, location, direction and description of the vehicle and its occupants. 10 4. Continue to give updates on location and direction of travel and maintain radio contact with dispatcher and assisting units. 5. Cautiously approach a red traffic signal or stop sign, yield the right-of- way to all moving vehicles and pedestrians within or approaching the intersection. Enter the inter-section only when it is safe. Stop the police vehicle if necessary. 6. Cautiously approach a green traffic signal or an intersecting street controlled by a stop sign: a. Enter intersection, when it is safe. b. Be prepared to apply brakes or take evasive action. B. If a vehicle attempts to elude an officer and a pursuit is not initiated the officer shall: 1. Notify dispatch and their supervisor that they are not initiating a pursuit 2. Turn off emergency lights and siren. 3. Reduce speed to the posted speed limit. 4. for accidents, other problems created by the fleeing suspect or to locate the suspect. 203.13 DISPATCH RESPONSIBILITIES A. Once the dispatcher is notified of a pursuit in progress, the officer should expect that the dispatcher will: 1. Instruct all officers that emergency radio procedures are in effect until further notice 2. Inform a shift supervisor that a pursuit is in progress 11 3. Assign one assisting squad. A supervisor must approve any additional squads assigned to assist in a pursuit. 4. Notify Officer(s) in adjoining patrol areas when appropriate 5. If the pursuit is going to enter another law enforcement jurisdiction, that new jurisdiction is to be informed of the direction and the reason for the pursuit. Request assistance from that jurisdiction if instructed by a supervisor. 203.14 SUPERVISOR RESPONSIBILITIES A. Supervisors shall monitor and control all pursuit situations. Supervisors shall order any pursuit terminated at a point when they have reason to believe that the risk to public safety outweighs the value of continued pursuit or the pursuit does not meet the criteria established in this policy. 203.15 PURSUIT ASSISTANCE A. Supervisors will determine the number of assisting squads that will follow directly behind the pursuing squad, but generally no more than 3-4 squads should be directly involved. Ɏ Ɏ B. If not directly involved, assisting officers should not interfere with the pursuit, but should listen to the radio traffic and keep abreast of the location and direction of the pursuit so that they can assist if needed.ɎɎ Ɏ C. Officers shall not assist a pursuit when it is apparent that they will not be of timely assistance.Ɏ 203.16 JURISDICTION WHEN IN FRESH PURSUIT A. Wis. §145.40 specifically authorize peace officers, when in fresh pursuit, to follow a person anywhere in the State and make an arrest for violation of any law or ordinance the officer is authorized to enforce. B. When the officer realizes that the pursuit may proceed beyond the jurisdiction of the City of Oshkosh, that officer shall announce on the radio when they are 12 leaving the city.ɎɎ 203.17 MULTI-JURISDICTIONAL PURSUITS A. It is necessary to coordinate and manage pursuits of fleeing vehicles that may cross jurisdictional boundaries in Winnebago County. Ɏ B. When an officer initiates a pursuit of a vehicle, he/she shall notify the dispatch center as soon as possible. If the officer is headed into another police jurisdiction, of the pursuit, including the reason for the pursuit and the actions of the suspect vehicle. C. If a pursuit is initiated in or near another police jurisdiction, is headed toward another jurisdiction or when requested by an officer, the dispatcher shall forward possible. D. When a pursuit enters another jurisdiction, the command and control of that pursuit shall fall under the supervisor of the jurisdiction entered at the earliest opportunity. The supervisor or primary officer of that new jurisdiction should communicate when they are taking over command and control of the pursuit. The supervisor of the jurisdiction in which a forcible stop technique (such as bumping or ramming) is to be performed must first authorize such technique, if possible. E. Oshkosh officers shall only assist in a multi-jurisdictional pursuit if it is in compliance with Oshkosh police department policy and our established pursuit initiation criteria.ɎɎ All other safety considerations for pursuit will apply including a supervisor's ability and duty to monitor and terminate the pursuit. F. This does not preclude an officer from attempting to be in a position to assist other officers at the termination of a pursuit in which Oshkosh Police officers did not participate. G. When a pursuit enters a jurisdiction that is normally on another radio frequency, officers involved in the pursuit should stay on the primary radio frequency of the primary pursuing vehicle. Other vehicles assisting should also operate on that 13 radio frequency. Dispatchers should attempt to keep officers informed as to which radio frequency is primary. Officers not directly assisting the pursuit shall attempt to keep the radio free from unnecessary transmissions. H. The following people have the authority to terminate multi-jurisdictional pursuits: 1. The primary pursuing officer 2. A secondary officer in proximity of the primary pursuing officer 3. 4. 203.18 ROAD BLOCKS A. Road Blocks with No Escape Routes (Closed) 1. The use of a Closed Road Block constitutes deadly force and may be utilized only when such force is justified. 2. Closed Ɏ Road blocks must be approved by the shift commander. The primary concern shall always be the safety of all persons that might be affected by the road block. Ɏ 3. In a Closed Road Block, the roadway is completely blocked, and no alternate route is provided. If the suspect does not voluntarily stop, he or she will likely crash with a potential for causing great bodily harm or death of the suspect and others in the area. For that reason, these guidelines must be applied.ɎɎ Ɏ a. Other traffic must be diverted or stopped before reaching the road block area b. The road block must be identified with emergency lighting to give warning c. The suspect must have adequate sight distance and time to stop if he or she chooses to do so 14 d. Officers must communicate to ensure that their actions are coordinated and officers are not put at risk 4. Road blocks must be deployed in well-lit areas of sufficient visibility. Lights should not be situated so as to shine into the eyes of drivers approaching the Road Block. There must be sufficient warning to allow the pursuing and pursued vehicles to safely stop. Officers shall be far enough away from any obstructions so they will not be injured should a collision occur. Private passenger vehicles will not commandeered for a road block. B. Road Blocks with Escape Routes (Open) 1. In an Open Road Block, the roadway is either not completely blocked or Block is used to impede a fleeing driver and is not considered a deadly to flee by guiding them through an escape route set up with tire deflation devices. When an Open Road Block is implemented, there must be an avenue for escape. Supervisory approval is required before setting up an Open Road Block, if possible.ɎɎ 2. Guidelines for using Open Road Blocks include: a. The roadblock should be set up on a straight, level stretch of roadway with adequate sight distance to give the suspect time to stop b. If possible, other traffic should be diverted away from the location c. Emergency lights must be turned on and visible to warn the suspect and any other motorists of the roadblock in time to stop d. The roadway can be blocked with squads (with emergency lights on), traffic cones, flares, and/or other barricades e. The runout lane should be obvious on approach, and could contain tire deflation devices. C. Boxing-In 15 1. A Boxing-In maneuver may be appropriate in low-speed pursuits only. In three to four squad cars. The positions used may be in front, back, and side(s) of the fleeing vehicle. The squads gradually slow, bringing the suspect vehicle to a safe, gradual stop. Achieving and maintaining the formation requires careful communication, as does coordinating the slowing down. Because the actions of the suspect cannot be controlled, this is a high-risk maneuver and there is considerable potential for the technique to result in a collision.ɎɎɎ 2. Boxing-In maneuver Ɏ may be used by Oshkosh Police Officers only when all of the following criteria are met: a. Shift supervisor approval is obtained if possible. b. Speed does not exceed 35mph. c. Boxing-In technique shall not be used when the fleeing vehicle is a motorcycle or other large vehicle that there would be a strong likelihood that this technique would be ineffective. C. Channeling 1. Channeling is a control technique that induces a fleeing driver to divert to a preferred location. That location might be one that is less populated or less traveled, or it might be one more conducive to a forcible stop or the use of road spikes. 2. The goal is to leave the driver with only one available route to travel, by blocking off alternatives. The number of squads required depends on the number of alternative routes that must be blocked. The same guidelines apply with respect to providing sufficient warning and adequate distance for the driver to avoid the blocked-off road and to choose the preferred route. 3. Other traffic should be kept out of the area. Officers using Channeling techniques must communicate the implementation of the tactic on the radio to other officers. 4. Channeling should be authorized by a supervisor when possible. 16 203.19 TIRE DEFLATION DEVICES Ɏ A. Tire deflation devices are spiked systems that are put down on the roadway to deflate the tires of any vehicle running over them. The tires lose air, making continued travel difficult or impossible. B. Tire deflation devices are currently not authorized for use by members of the Oshkosh Police Department to stop a moving vehicle. C. Tire deflation devices are allowed to be used by members of the Oshkosh Police Department to prevent a vehicle from moving from a stationary location. D. In the event that other agencies deploy tire deflation devices, Officers from the Oshkosh Police Department shall maintain a safe distance from the tire deflation devices being deployed. 203.20 RAMMING A. The use of a police vehicle to ram a pursued vehicle is the equivalent of deadly force. Supervisory approval is required before performing a ramming technique, if possible. B. Ramming is not a trained technique. Instead, it involves the pursuing officer using his/her vehicle to attempt to stop the suspect vehicle and prevent its further operation. When a moving vehicle rams another, the results are unpredictable and involve a high likelihood of great bodily harm or death to those involved.Ɏ Consideration must be given regarding the effect of the action upon uninvolved citizens. Ɏ 203.21 VEHICLE PINNING A. The Oshkosh Police Department utilizes vehicle pinning to prevent suspects from fleeing in a vehicle. Vehicle pinning refers to using department vehicles to block a suspect vehicle which is stopped by parking in front and/or behind. B. Vehicle pinning is generally conducted during planned operations and shall only be conducted during planned operations by officers trained in the tactic. C. Under exigent circumstances officers in order to prevent it from leaving a scene for the safety of the driver, the officer or 17 other individuals prior to receiving training. Officers shall obtain supervisor approval whenever possible prior to conducting a vehicle pin. 203.22 RESPONSE TO CALLS A. Three categories of response are authorized.Ɏ Officers shall operate police vehicles with due regard when responding to any police incident. 1. ROUTINE RESPONSE a. Officers will respond as they become available to all calls not designated as priority Ɏ or an emergency. This consists of operating the patrol vehicle by the most direct route to the call while adhering to all traffic regulations, speed limits and the rules of the road. 2. PRIORITY RESPONSE a. Priority calls require officers to free themselves from other activities in order to respond immediately, if at all possible. Vehicle operation will generally conform to the standards of routine response. b. Alarms, which have not been confirmed as crimes in progress, are priority calls and will not be responded to in an emergency manner. 3. EMERGENCY RESPONSE a. Emergency response refers to the type of driving necessary when responding to situations that are a true emergency, such as when there is a high probability of death or serious injury or significant property loss, and action by an emergency vehicle operator may reduce the seriousness of the situation. b. Emergency calls require a faster police response than would occur if traffic laws were strictly obeyed. c. Only sworn members of the department will operate police vehicles during an emergency response. 18 d. Emergency warning lights and siren will be used for emergency responses, unless the exemptions of Policy 203.01 apply. Ɏ 203.23 EMERGENCY ESCORTS A. Emergency escorts are not authorized, unless authorized by the Operations Bureau Captain as a function of a pre-planned event Ȍ Officers may escort vehicles in a non-emergency manner while obeying all the traffic rules and regulations. The dispatcher will be notified prior to the escort. 203.24 REVIEW OF PURSUITS AND NON-PURSUITS A. Pursuit 1. A pursuit report will be submitted to an on duty supervisor in Blue Team by the primary pursuing officer. 2. The supervisor shall review the Blue Team entry for accuracy and forward it to the Operations Bureau Captain for review. 3. The Operations Bureau Captain shall review the pursuit to determine policy compliance and submit the report to IA Pro. The Operations Bureau Captain will inform the Chief of Police of all pursuits. 4. The Operations Bureau Captain will ensure the pursuit is reported to the State of Wisconsin. 5. If the pursuit does not comply with policy the Operations Captain shall notify the Chief of Police. The Chief of Police shall determine if an internal investigation will be conducted in accordance with Policy 103 Internal Affairs Investigations. 6. A documented annual analysis of all pursuit reports, to include a review of policy and reporting procedures will be completed by the Operations Bureau Captain. An analysis report shall be submitted to the Chief of Police for approval. 7. A documented annual analysis of all pursuit reports, to include a review of policy and reporting procedures will be completed by the Operations 19 Bureau Captain. An analysis report shall be submitted to the Chief of Police for approval. B. Non-pursuits 1. A Lieutenant from the affected Bureau shall complete a review of any incident where to stop the vehicle. The Lieutenant will submit a memo on the incident to the Bureau Captain to ensure compliance with policies. 203.25 POLICY REVIEW This policy will be reviewed by the command staff on an annual basis. 203.26 TRAINING A. New officers shall receive documented initial training on this policy at the start of their employment. B. Officers shall complete a documented annual review of this policy. C. Officers shall receive biennial training on vehicle pursuits to include; roadblocks, boxing in, and channeling. 20